考研英语翻译:中国特色词汇

2019/10/9 10:57:33 来源: 网络
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  考研正式报名即将开始,在关注报名的同时,考生们也要抓紧剩下的时间备考复习。今天海天考研网为大家分享考研英语的一些中国特色词汇的翻译,希望对考生们的复习有帮助。

  1、国粹术语

  生 (男性正面角色):the male character type in Beijing opera (the positive male role)

  旦 (女性正面角色):the female character type in Beijing opera (the positive female role)

  净 (性格鲜明的男性配角):the “painted face”,a character type in Beijing opera

  丑 (幽默滑稽或反面角色) :clown in Beijing opera

  花脸: painted face

  歌舞喜剧 :musical

  滑稽场面, 搞笑小噱头:shtick

  滑稽短剧 :skit

  京剧人物脸谱 :Peking Opera Mask

  2、戏剧文化

  皮影戏: shadow play;leather-silhouette show

  说书: storytelling

  叠罗汉:make a human pyramid

  折子戏 :highlights from operas

  踩高跷: walk on stilts

  哑剧: pantomime;dumb show

  哑剧演员 :pantomimist

  戏剧小品 :skit

  马戏 :circus

  相声 :comic dialogue

  特技表演:stunt

  杂技 :acrobatics

  京韵大鼓: story-telling in Beijing dialect with drum accompaniment

  秦腔: Shaanxi opera

  3、艺术词汇

  文人:men of letters

  雅士 :refined scholars

  表演艺术: performing art

  现代流行艺术 :popular art;pop art

  高雅艺术: refined art

  电影艺术: cinematographic art

  戏剧艺术: theatrical art

  才子佳人 :gifted scholars and beautiful ladies

  4、文化遗产

  重要文化遗产 :major cultural heritage

  优秀民间艺术 :outstanding folk arts

  文物: cultural relics

  中国画 :traditional Chinese painting

  书法: calligraphy

  水墨画: Chinese brush drawing;ink and wash painting

  工笔: traditional Chinese realistic painting

  中国结: Chinese knot

  旗袍 :cheong sam

  中山装 :Chinese tunic suit

  唐装: traditional Chinese garments(clothing),Tang suit

  5、四大名著及经典作品

  《三国演义》:The Romance of theThree Kingdoms

  《西游记》: Journey to the West;Pilgrimage to the West

  《水浒传》: All Men Are Brothers,a popular fiction by ShiNai’an

  《红楼梦》: A Dream of the Red Mansions

  《史记》: Historical Records

  《资治通鉴》: History as a Mirror

  《山海经》: The Classic of Mountains and Rivers

  《孝经》: Book of Filial Piety

  《孙子兵法》: The Art of War

  《三字经》: The Three-Character Classic

  《西厢记》: The Romance of West Chamber

  《聊斋志异》: Title of a collection of bizarre storied by PuSongling of the Qing Dynasty

  6、汉语

  汉字:Chinese character

  单音节: single syllable

  汉语四声调 :the four tones of Chinese characters

  阳平: rising tone

  阴平: high and level tone

  上声: falling-rising tone

  去声 :falling tone

  五言绝句 :a poem of four lines,each containing of five characters

  七言诗: a poem with seven characters to a line

  八股文: eight-part essay;stereotyped writing

  7、传统节日

  十二生肖 :the twelve Chinese zodiac signs

  本命年 :one's year of birth considered in relation to the 12 Terrestrial Branches

  传统节日: traditional holidays

  春节: the SpringFestival

  元宵节: the Lantern Festival (15th day of the first lunar month)

  清明节: the Pure Brightness Festival /the Tomb-sweeping Day(April the 5th)

  端午节: the Dragon Boat Festival(5th of the fifth lunar month)

  中秋节: the Moon Festival/the Mid-Autumn Day(15th of the eighth lunar month)

  重阳节: the Double Ninth Day/the Aged Day

  8、天干地支

  阳历:solar calendar

  公历:Gregorian calendar

  阴历: lunar calendar

  天干: Heavenly Stems

  地支: Earthly Branches

  闰年: leap year

  二十四节气: the twenty-four solar terms

  民间传说: folklore

  寓言: fable

  传说: legend

  神话: mythology

  古为今用,洋为中用: make the past serve the present and the foreign serve china

  赋诗: inscribe a poem

  对对联: matching an antithetical couplet

  9、中国瑰宝

  习武健身: practice martial art for fitness

  气功 :qigong,deep breathing exercises

  篆刻: seal cutting upriteous

  工艺, 手艺: workmanship/craftsmanship

  卷轴: scroll

  蜡染:wax printing

  泥人: clay figurine

  漆画 :lacquer painting

  唐三彩: Tri-colored glazed pottery of theTang Dynasty

  景泰蓝: cloisonné(enamel)

  文房四宝: writing materials

追梦之旅,选择比努力更重要!海天考研,为成功考研指引方向!

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